DELONEY, Thomas

(1543?-1600)
One of the most voraciously read writers of the Elizabethan Grub Street, Thomas Deloney was a translator, an epic poet, a fiction writer, and the king of the London ballad makers. Deloney's career is an example of Elizabethan middle-class versatility. His grammar-school education grounded him in Latin and French, introduced him to contemporary literature, and versed him in crisp writing. A silk weaver by trade, he penned historical, moral, and religious bal­lads for a living. Yet his trademark was protojournalistic balladry concerning journalistic events, such as "A Joyful Song of the Royal Receiving of the Queen's Majesty into Her Camp at Tilbury" (1588), registered the very day after the event, or the "Lamentation of Page's Wife of Plymouth" (1591), a "human-interest story" about a husband-murderer. In 1593 he collected his ballads in The Garland of Good-Will, which was soon followed by a second popular col­lection, Strange Histories (1602).
Yet Deloney was not simply a vulgar, profit-driven entertainer. He voiced the cries of the working Londoners, urging, in 1595, protection against the appren­ticeship malpractices of immigrant weavers. A year later, he wrote against the scarcity of grain in England. For this, he got in trouble with the lord mayor of London and had to escape to the countryside. There he gained firsthand knowl­edge of local customs, dialects, stories, and the settings for his novels.
These four novels, Jack of Newbury, the two parts of The Gentle Craft, and Thomas of Reading, are Deloney's chief claim for remembrance. Written be­tween 1597 and 1600, they glorify the English artisan. His characters are busy city folk, jolly men and women, and there is always a solid foundation of fact in their dramatic portrayal. Deloney's novels went through multiple seventeenth-and eighteenth-century editions, while contemporary dramatists borrowed from his plots.
Bibliography
E. P. Wright, Thomas Deloney, 1981.
Kirilka Stavreva

Renaissance and Reformation 1500-1620: A Biographical Dictionary. . 2001.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Deloney, Thomas — ▪ English writer born 1543?, Norwich?, Eng. died 1600       writer of ballads, pamphlets, and prose stories that form the earliest English popular fiction.       By trade a silk weaver, probably of Norwich, Deloney wrote topical ballads and,… …   Universalium

  • Deloney, Thomas — (1543 1600)    Novelist and balladist, appears to have worked as a silk weaver in Norwich, but was in London by 1586, and in the course of the next 10 years is known to have written about 50 ballads, some of which involved him in trouble, and… …   Short biographical dictionary of English literature

  • Thomas Deloney — (1543 – April 1600) was an English novelist and balladist. He appears to have worked as a silk weaver in Norwich, but was in London by 1586, and in the course of the next ten years is known to have written about fifty ballads, some of which got… …   Wikipedia

  • Thomas Deloney — (1543 abril de 1600) fue un novelista y escritor de baladas inglés. Deloney parece haber trabajado como tejedor de seda en Norwich, pero se encontraba ya en Londres en 1586. En el transcurso de la siguiente década, escribió unas cincuenta baladas …   Wikipedia Español

  • Deloney — (spr. dĭlōnĭ), Thomas, engl. Balladendichter und Romanschriftsteller, geboren wahrscheinlich in London um 1543, gest. um 1600, war ein Seidenweber, schrieb aber mit Vorliebe Bänkelsängerballaden und ergötzte die Zeitgenossen Shakespeares mit… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Deloney —   [de ləʊnɪ], Thomas, englischer Schriftsteller, * London (?) um 1543, ✝ Norwich 1600; von Beruf Seidenweber; Verfasser vieler volkstümlicher Balladen; schilderte in seinen zu seiner Zeit viel gelesenen Romanen realistisch und humorvoll… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Thomas Pavier — (died 1625) was a London publisher and bookseller of the early seventeenth century. His complex involvement in the publication of early editions of some of Shakespeare s plays, as well as plays of the Shakespeare Apocrypha, has left him with a… …   Wikipedia

  • Thomas Millington — (fl. 1591 ndash; 1603) was a London publisher of the Elizabethan era, who published first editions of three Shakespearean plays. He has been called a stationer of dubious reputation [F. E. Halliday, A Shakespeare Companion 1564 ndash;1964,… …   Wikipedia

  • ДЕЛОНИ Томас — (Deloney, Thomas) (ок. 1543 ок. 1600), английский поэт и прозаик. Родился в Лондоне. Писал баллады на злобу дня , иногда шуточные; многие из них утрачены. Делони более известен как автор новелл Благородное ремесло (The Gentle Craft, ок. 1600;… …   Энциклопедия Кольера

  • English literature — Introduction       the body of written works produced in the English language by inhabitants of the British Isles (including Ireland) from the 7th century to the present day. The major literatures written in English outside the British Isles are… …   Universalium


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